The influence of the hottest automobile industry p

2022-10-01
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The impact of automobile industry policies on the development of China's automobile industry

on December 18, the regulations on the administration of investment in the automobile industry (hereinafter referred to as the regulations) was officially issued, changing the approval system into a filing system, and the review authority was delegated to local administrative departments. As China's third industrial policy, the regulations have changed greatly. Looking at the changes of China's three industrial policies, how will they affect the development of China's automobile industry? As a participant in the formulation and promoter of the first two industrial policies, Li Wanli, the former deputy inspector of the industrial policy department of the Ministry of industry and information technology, has a deep understanding of the automotive industrial policy. In his view, the 94 version of the industrial policy as a guide, the result is to lay the foundation; As a leading layout, the industrial policy in version 04 has resulted in the formation of scale. The industrial role of the 18th Edition will play a role in guiding the deployment of troops and the fight in the middle. The expected goal is to adjust and upgrade to be in line with international standards

the 18th Edition of industrial policy has changed greatly

over the years, the effect of effective direct intervention in the micro field of industrial policy has been greatly weakened. General Secretary Xi pointed out that we should promote the transformation of industrial policies from differentiation and selectivity to inclusiveness and functionality

in the new era, China's automobile industry is in the critical stage of transition from the introduction period to the growth period. More "inclusive" and functional industrial policies to improve the industrial ecological environment should gradually become the mainstream

the state attaches great importance to the automotive industry. Following the two industrial policies, it has formulated and implemented a series of policies and measures to regulate industrial investment and enterprise and product access, and promote the development of new energy automotive industry

recently, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of industry and information technology have successively issued and implemented the "Regulations on the administration of investment in the automotive class 1 industry mainly used for precision laboratory machines" and the "administrative measures for the access of road motor vehicle production enterprises and products", which are another group of important industrial policies after the "industrial policy of the automotive industry" in 1994 and the "development policy of the automotive industry" in 2004

to cope with the general trend of scientific and technological revolution, industrial reform and transformation of development mode; Promote industrial upgrading examination; Solve the stubborn problem of overcapacity; Break the low-level repeated deadlock; To deepen the reform of "deregulation and service", the two documents say "no" and "yes", which organically link up the policy chain of China's automotive industry management. Industrial policies with inclusive and functional characteristics

"from the approved project management mode to the filing system, and from the central to the local, this is a great change in China's industrial policy." Li Wanli said that in the past few decades, China's automotive industry investment has been implementing a strict project approval system. This time, the industrial policy has changed the assessment to filing, and strict assessment has greatly reduced the institutional management cost. "We have liberalized the qualification examination, changed the original pre supervision into strengthening the in-process and post supervision, and encouraged the construction of modern enterprise system, which is a great progress in the policy management ideas of the automotive industry." Li Wanli said

"this industrial policy has the effect of a negative list." In Li Wanli's view, under the record management, setting strict conditions is equivalent to negative. Although the data volume of quantum mechanics analysis in solid-state physical chemistry is also a huge area list management, it is highly operable to clarify what projects cannot be done and what conditions can be met. "The filing cost is low, but not all projects can be filed. It needs to operate in strict accordance with the conditions. If the conditions are met, it will be filed. If the conditions are not met, it is impossible to obtain the filing. It is highly operational for both managers and enterprises." In the past, the investment management of China's automobile industry has been strict in and wide out, and the qualification card has been very strict. The 18th Edition of the industrial policy has strengthened the supervision during and after the event, which is a great progress in the management idea and a new exploration of the automobile industry management policy under the open pattern

what is more noteworthy is that the 18th Edition of the industrial policy adheres to the principle of internal and external consistency. There are no special citizens in the field of automobile investment, which reflects fairness and allows all subjects to compete freely in a fair market environment. "The 18th Edition of industrial policy is also beneficial to investors (shareholders) There are strict restrictions, and it is not easy to withdraw shares, which puts an end to the possibility of some speculators making quick money in the automotive field, encourages competent enterprises who are willing to work hard in the automotive field to work hard, and clears up the industrial development environment, including in the melting stage of screw injection molding machine, in the flow path and mold pouring system, which is also a kind of containment against the current capital fever in the automotive field disturbing the market development. " Li Wanli said so

whether the approval authority will be assigned to the local government will significantly increase the investment scale of China's automobile industry and aggravate the overcapacity of the automobile industry, which is a place of more concern both inside and outside the industry. Li Wanli made an image analogy. In the past, the approval of automobile projects, local governments and enterprises were "collusive" and tied together to jointly promote the development of local automobile projects. Now the two have become a "cat and mouse" relationship. After the approval and filing authority is transferred to the local government, it seems to give a green light for local investment in automobile projects. However, this industrial policy lists a series of specific terms. Enterprises still need to meet various high standard conditions to invest in automobile projects, and local governments also need to undertake supervision. The purpose of doing this is to prevent local governments from blindly expanding automobile production capacity. "The policy also clarifies the regulatory review mechanism to implement in-process and post event regulation, which will effectively curb the intensification of overcapacity after blind investment." Li Wanli said

Li Wanli also said that this industrial policy is an adjustment made in the context of China's further opening up. Under the general tone of opening up, traditional fuel vehicle projects are strictly prohibited, scientific planning of new energy vehicles is encouraged, and the OEM mode under the new situation is given a green light. "The industrial policy and the administrative measures for the access of road motor vehicle production enterprises and products just released by the Ministry of industry and information technology are organically unified, and the combination of the two will better promote the healthy and orderly development of China's automobile market." Li Wanli said that opening up a "green channel" for technological innovation, encouraging collectivization management, advocating product family management, and allowing the division of work and cooperation between chassis and upholstery have laid an institutional foundation for the modernization of enterprises. Encouraging OEM will not only give a green light to new car makers to build cars, which is more conducive to the catfish effect, but also further improve the capacity utilization of China's automobile industry

the 94 version of the industrial policy laid the foundation

the state issued and implemented the industrial policy for the automotive industry in 1994 to guide the construction of China's automotive industry into a pillar industry of the national economy and basically meet the domestic market demand

"today, the 94 version of the industrial policy basically met the basic needs of China's automobile market at that time." Li Wanli believes that after the implementation of the 94 version of the industrial policy, the long-term insufficient supply situation of China's automotive industry has been greatly improved, and domestic automotive products have become the main body supporting the national economy and the needs of urban and rural residents. From 1956 to 1992, before the implementation of the 94 version of the industrial policy, China's automobile production and sales exceeded 1million for nearly 40 years. After the implementation of the industrial policy, the softening coefficient of China's automobile production and sales exceeded 2million in 2000, only eight years later, and exceeded 3million in 2002 and 4million in 2003

"in this process, the layout of China's automobile industry also tends to be reasonable. We have accelerated the process of industrial concentration by administrative and economic means." Li Wanli said. From the establishment of Beijing jeep, the first Sino foreign joint venture in 1984, to Shanghai Volkswagen and Guangzhou Peugeot, the scope of foreign cooperation was limited to local enterprises at that time. It was not until the early 1990s that the "national team" of the automotive industry entered the field of foreign joint ventures. FAW Volkswagen was established in 1991, and DPCA was established in 1992, and they are all planned according to the production scale of 300000 vehicles. The pattern of "three big and three small" (FAW, Dongfeng, Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou and Tianjin) has obvious economies of scale

After the implementation of the 94 version industrial policy, China's automotive industry system has been upgraded. "By adjusting the tariff rate to encourage localization and levying horizontal matching fees on the imported vehicle industry, the level and scale of the relatively complete and relatively backward industrial system formed since the founding of the people's Republic of China have been rapidly improved, and a relatively complete auto industrial system supporting cars and other products has been initially formed, which is relatively compatible with the national reform and opening up and social and economic development." Li Wanli stressed that during this period, China's automobile industrial structure also began to improve, and began to form an emerging industrial structure with state-owned enterprises as the main body, which is conducive to the establishment of foreign capital joint ventures, and allows some private enterprises to enter

more importantly, during this period, China's automobile industry and related industries developed synchronously and independently. "Due to the up and down extension of the automotive industry chain, the synchronous development of raw materials, electronics, energy, logistics, marketing, post market, finance and insurance is promoted." Li Wanli stressed that during this period, all major automobile production enterprises set up technology development centers, initially formed development capabilities such as car body improvement, formed a talent training system, and gained experience through participating in the improvement of joint venture products, which has accumulated strength for the emergence of localized enterprises and the "problem solving" of products with independent intellectual property rights in the future

the 04 version of industrial policy promotes China to become a big auto country

with the consent of the State Council, the national development and Reform Commission issued and implemented the "auto industry industrial policy" in 2004, which further clarified the management requirements of auto investment projects and realized the strategic pattern from small to large

The promulgation and implementation of the 2004 industrial policy coincides with the critical period for China's industry to cope with the challenges brought by WTO. During this period, China's automobile production and sales scale leaped to the first in the world and became an important pillar industry of the national economy. Since 2004, China's automobile production and sales have increased rapidly from 5million vehicles to 13.49 million vehicles in 2009 and 18 million vehicles in 2010, steadily forming the status of four 10million vehicle production and sales countries in the United States, Europe, Japan and China

"the proportion of the automobile industry in the national economy continues to be stable." In Li Wanli's view, under the condition of rapid growth of national GDP for many years, the automobile industry has given full play to its outstanding characteristics such as long industrial chain, high correlation, wide employment range and large consumption pull. Its added value has always maintained a level of more than P2% of GDP in the past decade, and has become an important driving force for national economic growth. "In response to the global financial crisis and the European debt crisis, the automotive industry can still maintain a positive growth trend, which plays an important role in safeguarding the stable growth of China's economy." Li Wanli said

during this period, the construction of independent brands has achieved remarkable results. "China's independent brands not only continue to maintain the market leading position in the field of commercial vehicles, but also have made significant progress in the field of passenger cars, mainly represented by cars." Li Wanli said that the self owned brand cars have increased from 17% in 2003 to about 30% and 40% in recent years. Independent brand car enterprises have the R & D and production capacity of key assemblies such as engines and NVH fields such as solving vibration and noise. Some progress has been made in some key technical fields such as high-voltage common rail in the field of automotive electronics, and the hollowing out of core technology has been preliminarily alleviated

also during this period, remarkable achievements were made in energy conservation and emission reduction. China has formulated and implemented standards including automobile exhaust emission control and fuel economy, and initially established a relatively perfect automobile fuel economy

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