What kind of chair do we need for Qumei home

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Chairs have different uses in different places and represent different meanings. What kind of chair do we need? Let's see with Qu Mei

Yin Zhixian, President of the Chinese Lifestyle Research Institute, chair is a symbol of territory to people. In the workplace, it represents identity and status; At home, it represents personal territory; In public places, it takes the place of feet to carry the weight of the body, so that people can breathe

psychologically speaking, people need a seat and are also looking for a territory where they can place themselves, so seats will be endowed with social significance. Where and how to sit is not a simple physiological activity, but often it is a part of social activities

in various occasions with more than two people, where you sit, both East and West talk about the superiority and inferiority of the guests of honor. It is impolite to sit wrong

and the meaning of how to sit is also rich and colorful

let people sit upright. There are classic models in both East and West. The upright backboard makes people's body must remain dignified and serious. This dignity is to make contacts have rules to follow and to establish their own identity

top left: part of Han Xizai's night banquet. Top right: Statue of song Taizu. Lower left: dining hall of het loo palace in the Netherlands. Lower right: the visiting Hall of het loo palace in the Netherlands. From the above figures, we can see that the backboard of the chair is upright. Both East and West show dignity and authority by sitting straight. This recognition has not changed today

those chairs that make people sit upright have psychological constraints on people, but behind this constraint is "you have the responsibility to control yourself, because the person sitting on this chair is a decent person". This constraint that binds responsibility and identity is also familiar and recognized by people today. All formal seats can only let people sit in a dignified way, which is the adherence to this value. In the classical era, even ordinary people have "sitting posture"

left: Huang Huali's four headed official hat chair [Ming]. Middle: red sandalwood "scenery and elegance" grand master chair [Qing]. Right: Louis? Le Nan, peasant families (1593-1648)

there are also many cases of relaxing seats in the East and the West. The epochal evolution of sitting posture is not because of the changes in human physiological genes, but because people have different demands for the satisfaction of their own desires

those seats that allow people to pose their bodies in various postures allow the sitter to express various emotions. The rationality of "because the seat is so, I have no sense of conflict in this way" is fully realized with the affirmation of modernism on individual value

lying on your back, curling up, concave shape... The values of letting the body be arbitrary are not only liberating the body, but also negating a series of previous standards of "what should be done" to people. People want to try different sitting positions will bring them what experience, and how important the desire released in these experiences is to themselves

top left: designed by harrybertoya, diamond chair (1950-1952). Top right: designed by Gerrit thomoas Rietveld, red and blue chair (1918-1923). Bottom: Verner Panton, Pantone chair (1965). This group of designs that completely overturned the traditional image of chairs was born in the first half of the last century. At that time, Europe experienced two world wars, and there was a huge ideological and technological revolution. In the new era, these works were jointly produced by new ideas and new technologies, which completely changed people's seating methods

modern designers' imagination of chairs is divided into several levels:

what emotions and values can different appearances, including materials, colors and lines, convey

what needs can different sitting methods meet

how many sides of a person can be decomposed by different seats

the first article gives birth to a large number of designs, so that people can always find a chair corresponding to their emotions or values

the second article inspired users to have a deep understanding and discrimination of their own needs. What are their own physical feelings and the resulting psychological feelings on different seats? Which is the feeling of being with you longer

the third is the most challenging aspect for designers. Everyone has a mask, with exposed and hidden faces. The exposed face is usually what the parties are willing to let others see, and even strengthen it, so that others can follow this direction to form their own cognition. Those performing furniture can support people's needs to realize this face, with a strong sense of symbolism, and even with a declarative gesture, which makes the owner needless to say, You can also show people your value orientation

top left: Liu Zongli's design, butterfly stool (1956). Upper right: designed by philippesark, W.W chair (1990). Next: designed by George Nelson, marshmallow chair (1956)

but there are still some aspects that people haven't noticed or don't want to be seen by outsiders, and can only share with close people. The furniture for this choice is usually the most frequently used by the owner. If you choose a chair for yourself, it must be the one that stays the longest - the fabric of that chair makes the skin feel the most friendly, the color makes people feel the most pleasing to the eye, and the way to settle down the body makes people believe that it is the most like their real self

for example, people lack a sense of security, so they always need to look for all kinds of evidence to make themselves believe that safety is guaranteed. Being able to sit, especially sitting comfortably, will make people feel a certain sense of security. If this chair can make people stay for a long time, it is not like sitting on the office chair to complete the work that will never be completed. Just sitting alone can make people less anxious, don't worry about the performance. At this moment, just play yourself well, then this chair is a magical chair, because it makes people think that they can be acceptable at this time

left: designed by Arne Jacobsen, swan chair (1957-1958). Right: designed by Eero Aarnio, ball chair (1963-1965)

in the era of family value standard and collective value standard, the principle of enjoying social resources is not dominated by individual needs. When the level of human productivity is greatly improved, human beings have the ability to fully meet individual needs

nowadays, the esteem of individual value has reached the point of self-examination. The devaluation of family value and collective value has taught the only child generation in China that "if you achieve yourself, you can bear all the burden of life", which has been answered by facts in modern western history. In recent years, the collectivist values restarted by the Internet economy have dispelled some drawbacks brought about by the individual value standard in the second half of the last century. The post-war generation in the west, who experienced the supremacy of individualism, realized through their life experience that establishing a benign balance between individual value, collective value and family value is more in line with the goal of sustainable development of human society

so, today, when choosing a chair for yourself, to what extent can you share it with your family? How can you find commonalities with others so that choosing a chair based on commonalities is a kind of life attitude. Should a person's unique sitting posture be used as a reason to divide his territory? How much space is reserved for individuality in the shared space is not considered a waste of resources? To what extent do you need others to avoid in order to obtain the expression space of personality? Is personality a personal thing or a thing that needs others to accomplish

top: Philippe stark design, Lou read chair (2013). Next: designed by Tom Dixon, bird chair (1992)

the answers to these questions will affect how many resources the design uses and to what extent it meets the constantly subdivided personality needs

when we want to design and produce a chair as a manufacturer or choose a chair as a consumer, what values govern us determines what choices we will make. And the consequences of these choices are by no means so simple

a chair that makes people sit upright and a chair that makes people lazy shape a different lifestyle and personal style. Under the premise that people will be restricted by their senses, how to mobilize their senses is actually how to guide the direction of the people. A chair that makes people sit upright may make people feel depressed, but it will also make people learn self-discipline and control their desires, and a chair that makes people lazy will relieve pressure, But won't it dispel a person's ambition

the answer to these questions lies not in the chair itself, but in what kind of life we want. "Desire is not our enemy, but persistence." Satisfying desires is not a fault, but trying to satisfy all kinds of desires is the beginning of tragedy, because desires will never stop, so understanding the absurdity of this pursuit is a kind of wisdom of life

although design has the responsibility to meet desires, how to meet them requires wisdom

upper left: designed by Zhou Chenchen. Top right: designed by LV Yongzhong. Bottom: stressless chair

On the evening of February 18, Alessandro Mendini, the legendary Italian designer, architect and design critic, died in Milan at the age of 87

On February 19, 2019, Karl Lagerfeld, chief designer of Chanel, died of illness in Paris at the age of 85

The death of these two epoch-making figures once again emphasizes the end of an era. It was an era when elegance and rebellion coexisted, and tradition and modernity shook hands and talked happily. Design provided a solid wing for people's imagination, which not only protected freedom, but also fully realized decency

in the new era, we are facing the deterioration of the natural environment, the intensification of the conflict of civilizations, the global competitive market, and the past values and means are not enough to help us obtain sustainable development resources. So what is the direction of design? What value is there that needs to be created by a new generation of designers

the person selected by the times is responsible for choosing his times

(source of this article: Qumei home official account)




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